Microcystin-HtyR, Enzo Life SciencesSupplier: Enzo Life Sciences
89149-254EA 448.5 USD InStock89149-254 89149-252
Microcystin-HtyR, Enzo Life Sciences
Proteins and Peptides
Microcystins are a group of cyclic heptapeptide hepatotoxins produced by a number of cyanobacterial genera. The most notable of which, and namesake, is the widespread genus Microcystis. Structurally, all microcystins consist of the generalized structure cyclo(-D-Ala1-X2-D-MeAsp3-Y4-Adda5-D-Glu6-Mdha7-). X and Y are variable L-amino acids, D-MeAsp is D-erythro-β-methylaspartic acid and Mdha is N-methyldehydroalanine. Adda is the cyanobacteria unique C20 β-amino acid 3-amino-9-methoxy-2,6,8-trimethyl-10-phenyl-deca-4,6-dienoic acid. Substitutions of the variable L-amino acids at positions 2 and 4 give rise to at least 21 known primary microcystin analogs and alterations in the other constituent amino acids result in more than 90 reported mycrocystins to date.
Isolated from Microcystis aeruginosa. Microcystin containing a homotyrosine (Hty) in position 2 and arginine (R) in position 4. Hepatotoxic.